Исторически преглед на дефиницията за редки тумори в контекста на здравните политики

  • Костадин Костадинов
  • Нина Мусурлиева
Keywords: редки тумори, здравни политики, редки болести, епидемиология, рак

Abstract

Злокачествени заболявания като събирателна група от нозологични единици представляват значим социален и здравен проблем. Въпреки това, разглеждането на всички видове рак в една категория при изграждането на здравни политики е поставено под критика. Поради клиничните и епидемиологичните си характеристики, пациентите с редки тумори срещат в по-голяма степен бариери в достъпа си до иновативни медикаменти, съчетано с липса на експертиза в диагностично-лечебния процес. Изграждането на самостоятелни политики за тези пациенти изисква точна дефиниция на понятието.

Настоящият обзор цели да представи хронологичното развитие при дефинирането на понятието за редки тумори в контекста на изграждането на здравни политики в тази област. За целите на обзора е осъществено търсене по ключови думи „rare cancers”, „rare tumors” и „rare neoplasm” в базите данни PubMed/MEDLINE и ScienceDirect и Google Scholar. Откритите статии за организирани в три основни контекста на използване на термина „редки тумори“ – клинично базирани дефиниции; дефиниции, базирани на епидемиологични критерии и дефиниции, използвани в детската онкология.

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Published
2023-11-05
How to Cite
1.
Костадинов К, Мусурлиева Н. Исторически преглед на дефиницията за редки тумори в контекста на здравните политики. Редки болести и лекарства сираци [Internet]. 2023Nov.5 [cited 2024May21];14(2):6-12. Available from: http://journal.raredis.org/index.php/RBLS/article/view/182
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